Overweight and obesity has increased among the adult population worldwide and has become a public health problem. Morbid obesity is associated with a higher risk for health conditions such as type 2 diabetes, coronary diseases and osteoarthritis, high mortality, expensive medical and health services and decreased quality of life. Bariatric surgery is the only effective method which could help these people to loose weight.
Bariatric surgery to lose weight
The objective of this study was to investigate the patients’ perception of health-related quality of life after bariatric surgery. The method applied was a literature review. During the analysis, health-related quality of life was identified in four different dimensions: physical, psychological, social and the general dimension of quality of life. It was found that patients’ quality of life generally improved after surgery. The patients’ physical function, self-esteem, emotional well-being, social function improved after surgery, except for gastrointestinal quality of life. Variables like postoperative complications, depression or psychiatric disorders seemed to have a negative influence on patients’ quality of life. Differences between women and men were also revealed; women satisfied with weight loss reported a better sexual activity and women with psychiatric disorders reported lower self-esteem. Therefore, the nursing process should be individual-based.
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